If you have not visited Mongolia, then you should start making your plans to visit the eternal land of the blue Sky some day. Mongolia is one of the countries that have the most amount of sun with untouched pristine nature in most parts of the country.

During your travels and journey here, you are most likely going to meet Mongolian nomads and experience the life that they live for a few days. From herding animals, making sheep wool to making dishes, and simply living, there are many things that you will learn.

In this article, we will be talking about the interior design and decoration of Mongolian nomads and Mongolian families. There are 3 general styles and interior decoration depending on what kind of background they have and their generation, but this article specifically will talk about the nomads.

Understanding the Mongolian Yurt

Firstly, what is a yurt? A yurt is a portable, round tent covered with skins or felt, traditionally used by nomads in the steppes of Central Asia. In Mongolia, these traditional homes are called “Gers.”

The Cultural Significance

The yurt decoration is not merely about aesthetics. It is a visual representation of the Mongolian culture, history, and lifestyle. Each item tells a story and carries a symbolic meaning.

Mongolian Yurt Decoration

Nomads who live in yurts have minimal to very little decoration pieces. Mongolians have been minimalist and practical group of people for many centuries and nomads to this day still live a very minimalist lifestyle. Because nomads out in the countryside often move from one place to another, furniture pieces and decoration is limited to a few things.

The Door

In a Mongolian yurt, the door is typically painted with vibrant colors and intricate designs, welcoming all with its warmth.

The Central Pillar

The central pillar, known as “Bagana,” is a crucial element of the yurt structure and often features ornate carvings.

The Interior

The interior of the yurt is an exhibition of traditional Mongolian arts and crafts, each piece reflecting the rich culture and the skills of the artisans.

You have what is called Avdar. An Avdar is a chest that is decorated and painted in a manner that signifies their heritage and background. Usually the colors are a mix of red orange and brown, but it can be different depending on the family.

The avdar holds most of the families valuable belongings and possessions.

Then you have what is called Shkaf or Shuigee, which is a like a bookshelf where they store books, or display family pictures etc.

The yurt itself can be decorated with colorful rugs, mats, and canvas along the walls, but it depends on how serious some families are when it comes to interior decoration. Some nomads prefer to keep it clean without additional accessories.

Beside the Avdar and Shuigee, Mongolian nomads have the other essentials such as a bed, a stove in the middle, a small solar powered TV or a refrigerator, some stools and a small table.

Tips to Decorate a Mongolian Yurt

  1. Choose a Central Theme: Mongolian yurt decorations often have a central theme that tells a story. Choose one that resonates with you.
  2. Use Traditional Elements: Incorporate traditional elements like rugs, textiles, and furnishings to capture the essence of Mongolian culture.
  3. Add Colorful Accents: Colors play a vital role in Mongolian yurt decorations. Don’t shy away from using vibrant hues.
  4. Use Space Wisely: A yurt has limited space. Therefore, it’s essential to use it wisely.

Decorating a Mongolian yurt goes beyond just aesthetics. It’s a bridge that connects us with the rich Mongolian culture, a way of preserving and sharing their vibrant history. As we’ve discovered, each element holds symbolic meaning and importance, contributing to the overall charm of the yurt. The next time you step inside a Mongolian yurt, take a moment to appreciate not just the beauty but also the stories they tell.


  1. What is the cultural significance of Mongolian yurt decorations? The Mongolian yurt decorations are a representation of the Mongolian culture, history, and lifestyle. Each item carries a symbolic meaning and tells a story.
  2. What are some common elements in a Mongolian yurt? Some common elements include a vibrant door, traditional arts and crafts, and a central pillar known as “Bagana.”
  3. How can I decorate my own Mongolian yurt? To decorate your Mongolian yurt, choose a central theme, incorporate traditional elements, use vibrant colors, and utilize the space wisely.
  4. Are Mongolian yurts always decorated? While the level of decoration can vary, traditional Mongolian yurts typically feature various decorative elements that represent their culture.
  5. What does the Bagana represent in a Mongolian yurt? The Bagana, or the central pillar, is a crucial element of the yurt structure and often